To quote the poem The Battle of Brunnanburh (ca 930 AD):
Angle ond Seaxe up becumon
Ofer brad brimu Brihten soghtan.
The Angles and the Saxons came up over the [sea's] broad brim seeking Britain.
Angle is certainly the correct usage, seen also in the name of the district of Angeln near the base of the Jutland peninsula.
I just looked into the matter, and you're right, and so are Bloody Partisan, it is Angles after all. But "anglons" are used a lot, on the net. So I was wrong. But "Angles" is a bit inconvenient, especially when seraching in the Internet!
"The term Anglo-Saxon is a relatively modern one. It refers to settlers from the German regions of Angeln and Saxony, who made their way over to Britain after the fall of the Roman Empire around AD 410.
The Roman armies withdrew from Britain early in the fifth century because they were needed back home to defend the crumbling centre of the Empire. Britain was considered a far-flung outpost of little value.
At this time, the Jutes and the Frisians from Denmark were also settling in the British Isles, but the Anglo-Saxon settlers were effectively their own masters in a new land and they did little to keep the legacy of the Romans alive. They replaced the Roman stone buildings with their own wooden ones, and spoke their own language, which gave rise to the English spoken today.
The Anglo-Saxons also brought their own religious beliefs, but the arrival of Saint Augustine in 597 converted most of the country to Christianity.
The Anglo-Saxon period lasted for 600 years, from 410 to 1066, and in that time Britain's political landscape underwent many changes.
'The Anglo-Saxon period stretched over 600 years, from 410 to 1066...' The early settlers kept to small tribal groups, forming kingdoms and sub-kingdoms. By the ninth century, the country was divided into four kingdoms - Northumbria, Mercia, East Anglia and Wessex.
Wessex was the only one of these kingdoms to survive the Viking invasions. Eric Bloodaxe, the Viking ruler of York, was killed by the Wessex army in 954 and England was united under one king - Edred.
Most of the information we have about the Anglo-Saxons comes from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, a year-by-year account of all the major events of the time. Among other things it describes the rise and fall of the bishops and kings and the important battles of the period. It begins with the story of Hengist and Horsa in AD 449.
Anglo-Saxon rule came to an end in 1066, soon after the death of Edward the Confessor, who had no heir. He had supposedly willed the kingdom to William of Normandy, but also seemed to favour Harold Godwinson as his successor.
Harold was crowned king immediately after Edward died, but he failed in his attempt to defend his crown, when William and an invading army crossed the Channel from France to claim it for himself. Harold was defeated by the Normans at the Battle of Hastings in October 1066, and thus a new era was ushered in".
Wolves and dogs were revered in most celtic cultures, The elements, Conn(dog/wolf), Cu(dog) and Fael(wolf) are all very common in ancient irish names for instance. This reverence was not defineatly not universal much of the middle east and south asia genereal consider dogs unclean animals. Anywere people farm wolves genereal have inspired at best mixed feelings. The old germanic relationship towards wolves is very interesting to me. Ulf(wolf) is very common name element indicating respect for the wolf, Odin was accompined by wolves as well. However at some point the word Wearg/Varg/Warg came which orginal meant criminal came to be used for wolves as well as criminals.
Post by Crimson Guard on Nov 2, 2005 3:49:31 GMT -5
One of the earliest and best known legends involving wolves is the story 4th century tale of Romulus and Remus, twin sons of a Vestal Virgin who were banished to the wilderness and were then raised by wolves.
Roman's carried the Dog and Wolf standards into battle,and wore the Wolf skin on ther standard bearers.
Greek writer Herodotus wrote in the fifth century B.C. of a tribe living north of the Black Sea which could turn themselves into wolves for a few days each year. The Roman poet Virgil wrote in the first century B.C. about a sorcerer who took poisonous herbs to turn himself into a man-wolf.
The goddess Ishtar had the power to turn enemies into wolves,Circe did similiar things. Hecate, the Goddess of Death, was shown as wearing three wolf heads.
In the Greek myth, a king named Lycaon was turned into a wolf by the God Zeus. Which is where we "Canis lupus lycaon" .
' Remember upon the conduct of each depends the fate of all.' -Alexander the Great
"At this time, the Jutes and the Frisians from Denmark were also settling in the British Isles, but the Anglo-Saxon settlers were effectively their own masters in a new land and they did little to keep the legacy of the Romans alive. They replaced the Roman stone buildings with their own wooden ones, and spoke their own language, which gave rise to the English spoken today.
The Anglo-Saxons introduced the "sunken-floor building" to Britain. These were small structures generally believed to have been work-rooms, store rooms and other out-house type buildings.
Interestingly the Anglo-Saxons abandoned their main dwelling type, the "Long-house" immediately they arrived in Britain. The Anglo-Saxon main dwelling was an adoption of a local style of Romano-British rectangular timber house, which was common in rural areas where the owners were not wealthy enough to use brick or stone.
The Anglo-Saxons also abandoned cremation fairly quickly and began using inhumations oriented in the same direction as native burials.